The Importance of Plant and Animal Biodiversity
Biodiversity is defined as the diversity of living organisms from various sources of land or ocean and others that go beyond aquatic ecosystems and part of complex ecosystems including in species and between species and ecosystems.
The importance or role of this biodiversity is divided into two:
- Importance to nature
- The importance to human beings
1. Importance To Nature :
Biodiversity is critical to maintaining a hydrological cycle. This is because natural life functions as absorption. Water from the land will be liberated through the transpiration process. Forests, meadows and damps will absorb water when they are large and release them little by little when the water stagnates. This also controls the floods and other natural disaster events such as tannah collapse, mud floods and so on.
In addition, biodiversity also provides ecosystem services such as managing weather and climate (climate modification). Plants for example, also absorb radiation from sunlight and freeze vapors. This condition will affect the climate and simultaneously simplify the temperature. Therefore, climate stability will occur with the function of biodiversity biological diversity.
Biodiversity also prevents soil erosion. This is because the leaves and forest waste can absorb and reduce the impact of rainwater. This condition also prevents the soil from breaking. In addition, the root works “bind the soil” and help prevent erosion especially in highlands. While plants, small animals and microorganisms contribute to soil formation. In widespread areas, mangrove swamps reduce the impact of puklan during rampage. This not only keeps the beach contours but also saves property and life. Therefore, biological diversity can control the occurrence of natural disasters.
Plants can also produce oxygen for respiration and respiration. While microbes help increase soil fertility and determination of nitrogen content in the soil. The diversity of biodiversity can also prevent the accumulation of nitrogen compounds such as Ammonium and Nitrate elements that can interfere with soil fertility. In other words, biodiversity plays a role in maintaining the Oxygen and Nitrogen cycles.
2. Importance for Human Being :
Biodiversity is useful to humans. This is because now 3000 species of plants in the world are identified as functioning as anti-cancer. It is expected that this biodiversity diversity contribution will contribute US $ 8 BILLION a year to produce medicines for companies operating this field. For example, ANTHROPOSENTRIK, is used in promoting Genetic Banks in particular to promote agricultural, forestry, aquaculture and farming. It can also be used as a medical resource that contributes millions of ringgit a year to the national economy.
It is clear that the richness of diversity of these biodiversity species is capable of improving the health of the community and enhancing human life. In addition, this diversity of biodiversity also has an “intrinsic value” or its distinctive value and every living thing on this earth has “the right to life. Every living thing does not matter that animals, plants and humans have their “basic rights”. The living thing has memory, emotion and pain. Therefore, it needs to be protected for having the rights and roles as human beings.
In addition, this diversity of biodiversity also has an “intrinsic value” or its distinctive value and every living thing on this earth has “the right to life. Every living thing does not matter that animals, plants and humans have their “basic rights”. The living thing has memory, emotion and pain. Therefore, it needs to be protected for having the rights and roles as human beings.
Download the Amazing Animals Colouring Pages
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1. Click on the links given at download section.
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Top #52 : Octopus
- Printable Colouring Picture : Octopus Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Octopoda
- Lifespan: 3 – 5 years
- Mass : 4 -15kg
Top #51 : Horse
- Printable Colouring Picture : Very Pampered Family of Horse Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Equus caballus
- Lifespan: 25 – 30 years
- Mass: 380 – 1,000 kg (Adult)
Top #50 : Bird
- Printable Colouring Picture : Bird Guarding The Nest Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Aves
- Phylum: Chordata
- Rank: Class
Top #49 : Sheep
- Printable Colouring Picture : Loving Sheep and Lamb Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Ovis aries
- Gestation period: 152 days
- Lifespan: 10 – 12 years
Top #48 : Lion
- Printable Colouring Picture : Mighty Lion King Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Panthera leo
- Conservation status: Vulnerable (Population decreasing) Encyclopedia of Life
- Diet: Carnivore
Top #47 : Pig
- Printable Colouring Picture : Pig Family Playing In The Farm Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Sus
- Family: Suidae
- Class: Mammalia
Top #46 : Grizzly Bear
- Printable Colouring Picture : Big Grizzly Bear Family Colouring Pages
- Height: 1 m (Adult, At Shoulder)
- Lifespan: Kodiak bear: 28 years
- Length: 2 m (Adult)
- Gestation period: 180 – 250 days
- Hibernation period: 152 – 213 days
- Mass: Male: 270 kg (Inland area population), Female: 130 – 200 kg (Adult)
Top #45 : Himalayan Tiger
- Printable Colouring Picture : Stripy and Fierce Himalayan Tiger Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Panthera tigris
- Conservation status: Endangered (Population decreasing) Encyclopedia of Life
- Lifespan: 20 – 26 years (In captivity)
- Diet: Carnivore
- Mass: Male: 90 – 310 kg (Adult), Female: 65 – 170 kg (Adult)
Top #44 : Panda
- Printable Colouring Picture : Bamboo Lover Black And White Panda Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Ailuropoda melanoleuca
- Lifespan: 20 years (In the wild)
- Mass: Female: 70 – 100 kg (Adult)
- Height: 60 – 90 cm (Adult, At Shoulder)
Top #43 : Gorilla
- Printable Colouring Picture : Powerful Gorilla Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Gorilla
- Mass: Western gorilla: 160 kg
- Lifespan: 35 – 40 years
- Height: Western gorilla: 1.6 – 1.7 m
Top #42 : Rhinoceros
- Printable Colouring Picture : Cute Rhinoceros Family Colouring Pages
- Mass: 800 – 1,400 kg
- Lifespan: 35 – 50 years
- Speed: 50 km/h,
- Gestation period: 15 – 16 months
Top #41 : Snake
- Printable Colouring Picture : Snake Holding An Apple Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Serpentes
- Lifespan: 9 years
- Diet: Carnivore
Top #40 : Hippopotamus
- Printable Colouring Picture : Strong Hippopotamus Colouring Pages
- Lifespan: 40 – 50 years
- Speed: 30 km/h (On Land, Running)
- Diet: Herbivore
- Mass: Male: 1,500 – 1,800 kg (Adult), Female: 1,300 – 1,500 kg (Adult)
- Habitats: River, Lake, Swamp
Top #39 : Racoon
- Printable Colouring Picture : Happy Family Of Masquerade Racoon Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Procyon lotor
- Lifespan: 2 – 3 years (In the wild)
- Mass: 3.5 – 9 kg (Adult)
Top #38 : Goat
- Printable Colouring Picture : Old Goat With White Goatee Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Capra aegagrus hircus
- Lifespan: 15 – 18 years
- Gestation period: 150 days
- Height: 41 – 58 cm (Adult, At Shoulder)
Top #37 : Mouse
- Printable Colouring Picture : Small and Mischievous Mouse Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Mus
- Class: Mammalia
- Lifespan: African pygmy mouse: 2 years
Top #36 : Turtle
- Printable Colouring Picture : Friendly Turtle Spending Her Time With A Fish Colouring Page
- Scientific name: Testudines
- Class: Reptilia
- Speed: Leatherback sea turtle: 1.8 – 10 km/h
Top #35 : Giraffe
- Printable Colouring Picture : Tallest Giraffe Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Giraffa
- Gestation period: 13 – 15 months
- Height: Male: 5 – 6 m (Adult), Female: 4.6 m (Adult)
- Habitats: Savanna, Grassland, Woodland
- Mass: Male: 1,200 kg, Female: 830 kg
Top #34 : Parrot
- Printable Colouring Picture : Talking Green And Red Parrots Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Psittaciformes
- Lifespan: 50 – 95 years
- Mass: 1.2 – 4 kg
Top #33 : Deer
- Printable Colouring Picture : Adorable Deer Family Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Cervidae
- Mass: Moose: 380 – 700 kg
- Gestation period: Moose: 243
- Lifespan: 10 – 25 year
Top #32 : Squirrel
- Printable Colouring Picture : Four Fun Squirrel Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Sciuridae
- Class: Mammalia
- Kingdom: Animalia
Top #31 : Orang Utan
- Printable Colouring Picture : The Jewel Of Borneo: Orang Utan Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Pongo
- Class: Mammalia
- Lifespan: Bornean orangutan: 35 – 45 years
- Mass: 50 – 100 kg
Top #30 : Whale
- Printable Colouring Picture : Largest Living Mammal: The Whale Colouring Pages
- Lifespan: 29 -50 years
- Length: 6 – 16 m
- Mass: 3,600 – 5,400 kg
- Gestation period: 15 – 18 months
Top #29 : Jellyfish
- Printable Colouring Picture : Jellyfish Feeling Good Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Medusozoa
- Phylum: Cnidaria
- Lifespan: 6 – 12 months
Top #28 : Starfish
- Printable Colouring Picture : Starry Starfish On The Seashore Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Asteroidea
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Echinodermata
Top #27 : Seashell
- Printable Colouring Picture : Collecting Beautiful Seashell On The Beach Colouring Pages
- Marine mollusk shells that are familiar to beachcombers and thus most likely to be called “seashells” are the shells of marine species.
Top #26 : Worm
- Printable Colouring Picture : Worm Relaxing In A Pond Colouring Pages
- Invertebrate animals commonly called “worms” include annelids (earthworms and marine polychaete or bristleworms), nematodes (roundworms), platyhelminthes (flatworms), marine nemertean worms (“bootlace worms“), marine Chaetognatha (arrow worms), priapulid worms, and insect larvae such as grubs and maggots.
Top #25 : Caterpillar
- Printable Colouring Picture : Caterpillar Having Fun Skating Through The Town Colouring Pages
- Caterpillars /ˈkætərˌpɪlər/ are the larval stage of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths).
- As with most common names, the application of the word is arbitrary and the larvae of sawflies commonly are called caterpillars as well.
Top #24 : Dragon
- Printable Colouring Picture : Majestic Looking Dragon Colouring Pages
- A dragon is a legendary creature, typically scaled or fire-spewing and with serpentine, reptilian or avian traits, that features in the myths of many cultures around world. The two most well-known cultural traditions of dragon are :
- 1. The European dragon, derived from European folk traditions and ultimately related to Balkans and Western Asian mythologies. Most are depicted as reptilian creatures with animal-level intelligence, and are uniquely six-limbed (four legs and a separate set of wings).
- 2. The Chinese dragon, with counterparts in Japan (namely the Japanese dragon), Korea and other East Asian and South Asian countries. Most are depicted as serpentine creatures with above-average intelligence, and are quadrupeds (four legs and wingless).
Top #23 : Eagle
- Printable Colouring Picture : A Mother Eagle Looking For Her Newborn Colouring Pages
- Speed: 120 – 160 km/h
- Lifespan: 14 – 20 years
- Wingspan: 1.8 – 2.3 m
- Mass: 3 – 6.3 kg
- Length: 70 – 84 cm,
Top #22 : Elephant
- Printable Colouring Picture : Elephanth Taking A Bath With Friends Colouring Pages
- Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Three species are currently recognized: the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), the African forest elephant (L. cyclotis), and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; other, now extinct, members of the order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons.
Top #21 : Flamingo
- Printable Colouring Picture : Slim And Slender Pink Flamingo Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Phoenicopterus
- Speed: James’s flamingo: 60 km/h
- Height: 1.1 – 1.5 m
- Mass: 2 – 4 kg
Top #20 : Fox
- Printable Colouring Picture : Cute Little Fox Colouring Pages
- The wild fox hunts for the mouse and other small mammals and birds, but foxes appear to enjoy all species of insect. A fox is generally smaller than other members of the dog family like wolves, jackals and domestic dogs. Foxes can be a pest in the cities as foxes are often seen tearing into rubbish.
Top #19 : Gulls
- Printable Colouring Picture : White Seagull Colouring Pages
- Scientific name: Laridae
- Wingspan: 1.2 – 1.6 m
- Mass: 1 – 1.5 kg
Top #18 : Koala
- Printable Colouring Picture : Australian Ambassador : The Koala Colouring Pages
- The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia. It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats.
Top #17 : Lizard
- Printable Colouring Picture : Crawling Lizard On The Ceiling Colouring Pages
- Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains. The group is paraphyletic as it excludes the snakes and Amphisbaenia which are also squamates. Lizards range in size from chameleons and geckos a few centimeters long to the 3 meter long Komodo dragon.
Top #16 : Moose
- Printable Colouring Picture : Christmas Moose Colouring Pages
- The moose (North America) or elk (Eurasia), Alces alces, is the largest extant species in the deer biological family. Moose are distinguished by the broad, flat (or palmate) antlers of the males; other members of the family have antlers with a dendritic (“twig-like”) configuration.
Top #15 : Oryx
- Printable Colouring Picture : Long And Sharp Horn Of Oryx Colouring Pages
- Oryx is a genus consisting of four large antelope species called oryxes. Three of them are native to arid parts of Africa, and the fourth to the Arabian Peninsula. Their fur is pale with contrasting dark markings in the face and on the legs, and their long horns are almost straight.
Top #14 : Owl
- Printable Colouring Picture : The Haunted Owl Colouring Pages
- An example of this would be a red-tailed hawk and a great horned owl. During the day while the owl snoozes, the red-tailed hawk will be able to find prey that is also active in the daytime. But at night, the owl takes over, hunting nocturnal animals. As a group of birds, owls have been around for a long time.
Top #13 : Platypus
- Printable Colouring Picture : Spooned Platypus Colouring Pages
- Animal Species:Platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus. The Platypus is a unique Australian species. Along with echidnas, Platypuses are grouped in a separate order of mammals known asmonotremes, which are distinguished from all othermammals because they lay eggs.
Top #12 : Phyton
- Printable Colouring Picture : Dangerous Phyton Colouring Pages
- Depending on the size of the snake, pythons may eat rodents, birds, lizards, and mammals like monkeys,wallabies, pigs, or antelope. One rock python was even found to have a small leopard in its stomach!
Top #11 : Rabbit
- Printable Colouring Picture : Hopping Rabbit In A Vase Colouring Pages
- Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. There are eight different genera in the family classified as rabbits, including the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), cottontail rabbits (genus Sylvilagus; 13 species), and the Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi, an endangered species on Amami Ōshima, Japan). There are many other species of rabbit, and these, along with pikas and hares, make up the order Lagomorpha. The male is called a buck and the female is a doe; a young rabbit is a kitten or kit.
Top #10 : Red Crab
- Printable Colouring Picture : Red Crab In The Ocean Colouring Pages
- Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting “tail” (abdomen), usually entirely hidden under the thorax. They live in all the world’s oceans, in fresh water, and on land, are generally covered with a thick exoskeleton and have a single pair of claws. Many other animals with similar names – such as hermit crabs, king crabs, porcelain crabs, horseshoe crabs, and crab lice – are not true crabs.
Top #9 : Swan
- Printable Colouring Picture : Amazingly Beautiful And Gorgeous Swan Colouring Pages
- Swans are birds of the family Anatidae within the genus Cygnus. The swans’ close relatives include the geese and ducks. Swans are grouped with the closely related geese in the subfamily Anserinae where they form the tribe Cygnini. There are six or seven species of swan in the genus Cygnus; in addition there is another species known as the coscoroba swan, although this species is no longer considered one of the true swans. Swans usually mate for life, though “divorce” does sometimes occur, particularly following nesting failure, and if a mate dies, the remaining swan will take up with another. The number of eggs in each clutch ranges from three to eight.
Top #8 : Tapir
- Printable Colouring Picture : Black And White Tapir Colouring Pages
- The tapir is a large mammal that despite it’s pig-like appearance, is believed to be most closely related tohorses and rhinos. The tapir is found in moist, dense forests in the more temperate regions of the Southern Hemisphere. There are four known species of tapir today, all of which are classified as endangered
Top #7 : Fish
- Printable Colouring Picture : Fish In The Pond Colouring Page
- The five most well known classes of vertebrates (animals with backbones) are mammals, birds, fish, reptiles,amphibians. They are all part of the phylum chordata — I remember “chordata” by thinking of spinal chord.
Top #6 : Dog
- Printable Colouring Picture : Loyal Dog Colouring Page
- Canis is a Latin word meaning dog, and under this genus he listed the dog-like carnivores including domestic dogs, wolves, and jackals. He classified the domestic dog as Canis familiaris (Linnaeus, 1758) and on the next page as a separate species he classified the wolf as Canis lupus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Top #5 : Kangaroo
- Printable Colouring Picture : Kangaroo And Baby In Pouch Colouring Page
- Kangaroos are most well known for their ability to jump a phenomenal distance. The kangaroo is the largest of themarsupials, a group an animals that includes koalas and thecommon brushtail possum. Marsupials are distinguished by the pouch that these animals have on their bellies, in which they carry their young.
Top #4 : Cat
- Printable Colouring Picture : The Aristocat Marie And Brothers Colouring Page
- The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines.
Top #3 : Duck
- Printable Colouring Picture : Duckling Stranded In The Flood Colouring Page
- Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than theswans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water. Ducks are sometimes confused with several types of unrelated water birds with similar forms, such asloons or divers, grebes, gallinules, and coots.
Top #2 : Fishes
- Printable Colouring Picture : Motherly Fish And Baby Colouring Page
- The five most well known classes of vertebrates (animals with backbones) are mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians. They are all part of the phylum chordata — I remember “chordata” by thinking of spinal chord.
Top #1 : Chicken
- Printable Colouring Picture : Family Of Chicken Colouring Page
- The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a type of domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the red junglefowl. It is one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a total population of more than 19 billion as of 2011.
Learn the Alphabet with Wild Animals | ABC animals for children | dRuLii TV
- ABC animals list: Anteater, Bear, Camel, Dolphin, Elephant, Fox, Giraffe, Hippopotamus, Iguana, Jaguar, Kangaroo, Lion, Monkey, Newt, Ostrich, Panda bear, Quail, Rhinoceros, Shark, Tiger, Urial, Vulture, Wolf, X-ray tetra, Yak, Zebra.
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